Table of content




1—Sovereignty of the people.

2—Supremacy of this Constitution.

3—Defence of this Constitution.

4—Declaration of the Republic.

5—Territory of Kenya.

6—Devolution and access to services.

7—National, official and other languages.

8—State and religion.

9—National symbols and national days.

10—National values and principles of governance.


12—Entitlements of citizens.

13—Retention and acquisition of citizenship.

14—Citizenship by birth.

15—Citizenship by registration.

16—Dual citizenship.

17—Revocation of citizenship.

18—Legislation on citizenship.

Part 1—General Provisions Relating to the Bill of Rights

19—Rights and fundamental freedoms.

20—Application of Bill of Rights.

21—Implementation of rights and fundamental freedoms.

22—Enforcement of Bill of Rights.

23—Authority of courts to uphold and enforce the Bill of Rights.

24—Limitation of rights or fundamental freedoms.

25—Fundamental Rights and freedoms that may not be limited.

Part 2—Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

26—Right to life.

27—Equality and freedom from discrimination.

28—Human dignity.

29—Freedom and security of the person.

30—Slavery, servitude and forced labour.


32—Freedom of conscience, religion, belief and opinion.

33—Freedom of expression.

34—Freedom of the media.

35—Access to information.

36—Freedom of association.

37—Assembly, demonstration, picketing and petition.

38—Political rights.

39—Freedom of movement and residence.

40—Protection of right to property.

41—Labour relations.


43—Economic and social rights.

44—Language and culture.


46—Consumer rights.

47—Fair administrative action.

48—Access to justice.

49—Rights of arrested persons.

50—Fair hearing.

51—Rights of persons detained, held in custody or imprisoned.

Part 3—Specific Application of Rights

52—Interpretation of Part.


54—Persons with disabilities.


56—Minorities and marginalised groups.

57—Older members of society.

Part 4—State of Emergency

58—State of emergency.

Part 5—Kenya National Human Rights and Equality Commission

59—Kenya National Human Rights and Equality Commission.

Part 1—Land

60—Principles of land policy.

61—Classification of land.

62—Public land.

63—Community land.

64—Private land.

65—Landholding by non-citizens.

66—Regulation of land use and property.

67—National Land Commission.

68—Legislation on land.

Part 2— Environment and Natural Resources

69—Obligations in respect of the environment.

70—Enforcement of environmental rights.

71—Agreements relating to natural resources.

72—Legislation relating to the environment.

73—Responsibilities of leadership.

74—Oath of office of State officers.

75—Conduct of State officers.

76—Financial probity of State officers.

77—Restriction on activities of State officers.

78—Citizenship and leadership.

79—Legislation to establish the ethics and anti-corruption commission.

80—Legislation on leadership.

Part 1—Electoral System and Process

81—General principles for the electoral system.

82—Legislation on elections.

83—Registration as a voter.

84—Candidates for election and political parties to comply with code of conduct.

85—Eligibility to stand as an independent candidate.


87—Electoral disputes.

Part 2—Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission and Delimitation of Electoral Units

88—Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission.

89—Delimitation of electoral units.

90—Allocation of party list seats.

Part 3—Political Parties

91—Basic requirements for political parties.

92—Legislation on political parties.

Part 1—Establishment and Role of Parliament

93—Establishment of Parliament.

94—Role of Parliament.

95—Role of the National Assembly.

96—Role of the Senate.

Part 2—Composition and Membership of Parliament

97—Membership of the National Assembly.

98—Membership of the Senate.

99—Qualifications and disqualifications for election as member of Parliament.

100—Promotion of representation of marginalised groups.

101—Election of members of Parliament.

102—Term of Parliament.

103—Vacation of office of member of Parliament.

104—Right of recall.

105—Determination of questions of membership.

Part 3—Offices of Parliament

106—Speakers and Deputy Speakers of Parliament.

107—Presiding in Parliament.

108—Party leaders.

Part 4—Procedures for Enacting Legislation

109—Exercise of legislative powers.

110—Bills concerning county government.

111—Special Bills concerning county governments.

112—Ordinary Bills concerning county governments.

113—Mediation committees.

114—Money Bills.

115—Presidential assent and referral.

116—Coming into force of laws.

Part 5—Parliament’s General Procedures and Rules

117—Powers, privileges and immunities.

118—Public access and participation.

119—Right to petition Parliament.

120—Official languages of Parliament.


122—Voting in Parliament.

123—Decisions of Senate.

124—Committees and Standing Orders.

125—Power to call for evidence.

Part 6—Miscellaneous

126—Location of sittings of Parliament.

127—Parliamentary Service Commission.

128—Clerks and staff of Parliament.

Part 1—Principles and Structure of the National Executive

129—Principles of executive authority.

130—The National Executive.

Part 2—The President and Deputy President

131—Authority of the President.

132—Functions of the President.

133—Power of mercy.

134—Exercise of presidential powers during temporary incumbency.

135—Decisions of the President.

136—Election of the President.

137—Qualifications and disqualifications for election as President.

138—Procedure at presidential election.

139—Death before assuming office.

140—Questions as to validity of presidential election.

141—Assumption of office of President.

142—Term of office of President.

143—Protection from legal proceedings.

144—Removal of President on grounds of incapacity.

145—Removal of President by impeachment.

146—Vacancy in the office of President.

147—Functions of the Deputy President.

148—Election and swearing-in of Deputy President.

149—Vacancy in the office of Deputy President.

150—Removal of Deputy President.

151—Remuneration and benefits of President and Deputy President.

Part 3—The Cabinet


153—Decisions, responsibility and accountability of the Cabinet.

154—Secretary to the Cabinet.

155—Principal Secretaries.

Part 4—Other Offices


157—Director of Public Prosecutions.

158—Removal and resignation of Director of Public Prosecutions.

Part 1—Judicial Authority and Legal System

159—Judicial authority.

160—Independence of the Judiciary.

161—Judicial offices and officers.

162—System of courts.

Part 2—Superior Courts

163—Supreme Court.

164—Court of Appeal.

165—High Court.

166—Appointment of Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice and other judges.

167—Tenure of office of the Chief Justice and other judges.

168—Removal from office.

Part 3—Subordinate Courts

169—Subordinate courts.

170—Kadhis’ Courts.

Part 4—Judicial Service Commission

171—Establishment of the Judicial Service Commission.

172—Functions of the Judicial Service Commission.

173—Judiciary Fund.

Part 1—Objects and Principles of Devolved Government

174—Objects of devolution.

175—Principles of devolved government.

Part 2—County Governments

176—County governments.

177—Membership of county assembly.

178—Speaker of a county assembly.

179—County executive committees.

180—Election of county governor and deputy county governor.

181—Removal of a county government.

182—Vacancy in the office of county governor.

183—Functions of county executive committees.

184—Urban areas and cities.

185—Legislative authority of county assemblies.

Part 3—Functions and Powers of County Governments

186—Respective functions and powers of national and county governments.

187—Transfer of functions and powers between levels of government.

Part 4—The Boundaries of Counties

188—Boundaries of counties.

Part 5—Relationships Between Governments

189—Cooperation between national and county governments.

190—Support for county governments.

191—Conflict of laws.

Part 6—Suspension of County Governments

192—Suspension of county government.

Part 7—General

193—Qualifications for election as member of county assembly.

194—Vacation of office of member of county assembly.

195—County assembly power to summon witnesses.

196—Public participation and county assembly powers, privileges and immunities.

197—County assembly gender balance and diversity.

198—County government during transition.

199—Publication of county legislation.

200— Legislation on Chapter.

Part I—Principles and Framework of Public Finance

201—Principles of public finance.

202—Equitable sharing of national revenue.

203—Equitable share and other financial laws.

204—Equalisation Fund.

205—Consultation on financial legislation affecting counties.

Part 2—Other Public Funds

206—Consolidated Fund and other public funds.

207—Revenue Funds for county governments.

208—Contingencies Fund.

Part 3—Revenue-Raising Powers and the Public Debt

209—Power to impose taxes and charges.

210—Imposition of tax.

211—Borrowing by national government.

212—Borrowing by counties.

213—Loan guarantees by national government.

214—Public debt.

Part 4—Revenue Allocation

215—Commission on Revenue Allocation

216—Functions of the Commission on Revenue Allocation

217—Division of revenue

218—Annual Division and Allocation of Revenue Bills

219—Transfer of equitable share

Part 5—Budgets and Spending

220—Form, content and timing of budgets.

221—Budget estimates and annual Appropriation Bill.

222—Expenditure before annual budget is passed.

223—Supplementary appropriation.

224—County appropriation Bills.

Part 6—Control of Public Money

225—Financial control.

226—Accounts and audit of public entities.

227—Procurement of public goods and services.

Part 7— Financial Officers and Institutions

228—Controller of Budget.


230—Salaries and Remuneration Commission.

231—Central Bank of Kenya.

Part 1—Values and Principles of Public Service

232—Values and principles of public service.

Part 2—The Public Service Commission

233—The Public Service Commission.

234—Functions and powers of the Public Service Commission.

235—Staffing of county governments.

236—Protection of public officers.

Part 3—Teachers Service Commission

237—Teachers Service Commission.

Part 1—National Security Organs

238—Principles of national security.

239—National security organs.

240—Establishment of the National Security Council.

Part 2—The Kenya Defence Forces

241—Establishment of Defence Forces and Defence Council.

Part 3—The National Intelligence Service

242—Establishment of National Intelligence Service.

Part 4—The National Police Service

243—Establishment of the National Police Service.

244—Objects and functions of the National Police Service.

245—Command of the National Police Service.

246—National Police Service Commission.

247—Other police services.

248—Application of Chapter.

249—Objects, authority and funding of commissions and independent offices.

250—Composition, appointment and terms of office.

251—Removal from office.

252—General functions and powers.

253—Incorporation of commissions and independent offices.

254—Reporting by commissions and independent offices.

255—Amendment of this Constitution.

256—Amendment by parliamentary initiative.

257—Amendment by popular initiative.

258—Enforcement of this Constitution.

259—Construing this Constitution.


261—Consequential legislation.

262—Transitional and consequential provisions.

263—Effective Date.

264—Repeal of previous constitution.


First Schedule—-Counties

Second Schedule—-National symbols

Third Schedule—-National Oaths and affirmations

Fourth Schedule—-Distribution of functions between National and the county governments

Fifth Schedule—-Legislation to be enacted by Parliament

Sixth Schedule—-Transitional and consequential provisions